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Table 68: Costs of Production for Fresh Market Apples, Per Acre (Mature Trees - Years 8-20)

Organic Production Practices, Northeastern United States, 1996

ITEM UNIT PRICE QUANTITY TOTAL
Variable Costs       
Fertilizer       
Composted Manure ton $ 31.00 4 $ 124.00
Cover Crop       
Rye Seed 50lb $ 7.00 2 $ 14.00
Pest Management       
Horticultural Oil g al $ 4.29 9 $ 38.61
Lime Sulfur gal $ 4.83 10 $ 48.30
April Pheromones acre $ 118.0 1 $ 117.98
Wettable Sulfur lb $ 0.26 12 $ 3.12
June Pheromones acre $ 58.99 1 $ 58.99
Insectidal Soap gal $ 18.88 0.33 $ 6.23
Tree Replants       
Replace Tree acre $ 5.0 0 3 $ 15.00
Labor       
Operator hr $ 14.48 8.5 $ 123.08
Regular Hired hr $ 10.13 51 $ 514.81
Thinning hr $ 7.24 40 $ 289.60
Pruning tree $ 1.00 272 $ 272.00
Harvesting bushel $ 1.30 375 $ 487.50
Irrigation       
Drip Irrigation acre $ 250.00 1 $ 250.00
Other       
Bee Hives hiv e $ 25.00 1 $ 25.00
Diesel Fuel       
Tractors gallon $ 0.969 46.72 $ 45.27
Repair & Maintenance       
Tractors and Equipment acre $ 79.00 1 $ 79.00
Marketing Costs       
Field Bins bin $ 4.75 4 $ 19.00
Cool Storage bushel $ 0.25 375 $ 93.75
Sub-Total      $ 2,625.24
Interest on Operating Capitala acre 10% 1 $ 63.53
Total Variable Costs acre  1 $ 2,688.77
Fixed Costs       
Machinery and Equip ment acre $ 139.84 1 $ 139.84
Land Charge acre $ 100.00 1 $ 100.00
Preproduction Cost Allocation acre 8% 1 $ 868.44
Total Fixed Costs acre  1 $ 1,108.28
Total Fixed & Variable Costs acre&nbs p; 1 $ 3,797.05
Management Fees a acre 7% 1 $ 258.79
Total Costs acre  1 $ 4,055.84

aSee text for calculation assumptions.

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